Hematuria refers to the presence of red blood cells in the urine. This is actually a sign that there is a kidney stone or a tumor in the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, prostate, and urethra), ranging from trivial to lethal.
Signs and Symptoms
Common symptoms of hematuria are:
- Blood in urine
- Frequent urination
- Urinary urgency
The most common causes include:
- Kidney disease
- Urinary tract blockages
- Certain medications
- Kidney stones and bladder stones
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Treatment ranges from antibiotic therapy to surgery, depending on the underlying cause.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) – Avoid unsuitable foods/beverages/over the counter medications. Single or a combination of two drugs is typically used. If ineffective, endoscopic surgery may be carried out.
- Kidney and bladder stones - Procedures to break /remove the stones may be necessary.
- Kidney disease - Treated as necessary. Dialysis if there is kidney failure.
- Medications that induce hematuria (such as aspirin, clopilet, quinine may need to be discontinued).
- Trauma-induced hematuria - Treated according to the problem ranging from rest to surgery
- Urinary tract blockages - Removal of the blockage
- Infection induced hematuria - Medications
- Cancer caused hematuria - Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery