This refers to an abnormal movement of urine from bladder into ureters or kidneys. Urine normally passes from kidneys to the bladder via ureters. In Vesicoureteral reflux, the direction becomes reverse. Vesicoureteral reflux may be present before birth as prenatal hydronephrosis, an abnormal widening of the ureter or with a urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis.
Its symptoms include:
Treatment options include: