Pituitary adenomas are a type of tumour that are noncancerous and occur in the pituitary gland. These types of noncancerous tumours are generally divided into three categories on the basis of their biological functioning - benign adenoma, invasive adenoma or carcinomas, with carcinomas accounting for 0.1% to 0.2%, approximately 35% being invasive adenomas and most being benign adenomas. The pituitary gland is a pea-sized, reddish-grey gland, located in the centre of the brain, just above the back of the nose.
Hormone secreting pituitary adenomas can cause one of different types of hyperpituitarism. Symptoms may vary on the basis of tumour's size, its location, and whether it's secreting or not.
The cause of this uncontrolled cell growth in the pituitary gland and resulting into a tumour remains unknown.
With the advances in medical technology such as endoscope, surgical microscope and image guided systems, doctors and surgeons can now perform highly sophisticated surgeries that were not possible few years back. At Norvic Department of Endocrinology & Diabetes, doctors perform state-of-the-art minimally invasive pituitary surgery that allows for precise removal of tumours, in or around the pituitary gland. This surgery also ensures faster recovery, no scarring and fewer complications. This surgery is done for the following: